Alright! These are the words that could, well some of it, help you understand the words used around this site. Some of it are alchemy related words.
a. Alchemy → is the science of understanding, deconstructing, and reconstructing matter, although it is often seen only as the pursuit of turning common metals into gold. More information here.
b. Ametris → is a unitary State, with a Parliamentary Republic type of Government.
c. Chimera → is an animal that has two or more different populations of genetically distinct cells.
d. Dublith → is a city in the southern part of Ametris where Edward’s teacher Izumi Curtis lives.
e. Fullmetal → Edward’s state alchemist codename.
f. Homonculus → which means “little people” in Latin. In Fullmetal Alchemist, they consist of 7 people which are named from the 7 capital sins namely: Greed, Wrath, Pride, Lust, Sloth, Envy, and Gluttony. They are beings who lives from the power of the Philosopher’s Stone which makes them immortal.
g. Ouroboros → a symbol of a serpent or dragon eating it’s own tail. It symbolizes unity, and it used by the Homonculus in the story.
h. Philosopher’s Stone → The legendary stone that Edward and Alphonse is looking for. The secret ingredient to create the perfect stone is human beings.
i Xenotime → is a town in the desert that is famous for its goldsmiths.
j. State Alchemist → Alchemists that work for the State. They have the equal rank as a Major.
k. Transmutation Circle → is a necessity in alchemical transmutation. It can either be created with a chalk, pencil, paint, blood or other. It represents the flow of energy which turns into power.
l. Resembool → a peaceful town where Edward and Alphonse were born.